URL (Uniform Resource Locator): Components

URL (Uniform Resource Locator): Components

Instead of accessing a resource in the internet by using IP addresses, URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is a better way to remember and access a particular resource. There are 4 sections in a typical URL:

1) Protocol: A protocol could be http, file, ftp, and gopher. This is the way by which a resource will be accessed.

2) Host Name: This is the name of the resource. You can also use IP address in here.

3) Port Number: It is used to identify a port. For Example: 80 for HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol), 20 and 21 for FTP (File Transfer Protocol).

4) Path of file: It is used to access a particular file.

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