Adopting new systems can undoubtedly improve a company’s processes. In a globalized world where innovations and technological attacks are the order of the day, it is important to pay attention to any details that may lead to violations of security systems.
Recently, the security of the information of recognized international companies has been compromised. Organizations (e.g. entertainment sectors, retail, banking and finances, technology and telecommunications) have reported theft and exposure of sensitive information. These oversights in their controls, in most cases, have affected or interrupted the provision of some of their services, causing considerable losses.
Companies are now linking their business strategies with the latest trends and innovations in technology. This makes information assets more vulnerable and therefore it is imperative to continually reinforce information security programs.
Companies should keep in mind that maintaining an information security program is a continuous work. To keep it current and effective, the strategy must be constantly aligned with the organizational context on a regular basis. For this reason, here are the five key characteristics that must have an optimized and updated security program:
1. Align to the organizational context: it is vital to consider risks, gaps, goals, business strategies and any other aspect that requires improvement or support within the organization. Most of the subsequent initiatives are based on this alignment.
2. Robust defense mechanisms: controls that nullify or limit the action of an attack on information assets. These will be robust as they provide effective and continuous protection. In order to guarantee such protection, it is desirable to carry out an integral design of the controls. Considering the requirements of protection and possible scenarios of attacks.
3. Effective detection and continuous monitoring capabilities: to detect anomalies and/or possible attacks. If we complement the defense mechanisms with these two points, we can react and contain any affectation in a timely manner.
4. Incident response procedure: When detection systems show accurate indications of a malicious event, reactive teams need a response plan that provides them with control over these crisis situations. Depending on the incident and the response process, the organization has a high probability of containing the damage and recovering from an incident.
5. Verify the effectiveness of the implemented mechanisms: all implemented implementations, including those previously mentioned, require a verification of their functions. Testing on each implementation is necessary. However, doing a “Red Team” penetration testing exercise, which conducts internal audits of IT and security efforts, can add a lot of value.